Originally called "Naked Neck" chickens, they were first bred in Eastern Hungary. Many believed that they were a cross between a chicken and the domesticated turkey, but this is not the case. The "Naked Neck" was a characteristic bred into the chicken to make it easier to pluck for meat and to tolerate the heat better. The Turken "Naked Neck" chicken is noted for its size and laying ability and come in different colors. They take confinement well and are quite gentle. A number of the color varieties were admitted into the American Standard of Perfection in 1965.